Tuesday, 14 April 2015

How to Deal With a Burn Injury

Burns are some of the most common household injuries, especially when there are young children in the mix. A burn is generally characterized by some degree of skin damage in which most of the affected cells will die. Depending on the extent of the injury, many individuals can recover without emergency medical care or serious consequences to their health.

First-Degree Burns

The first-degree burn causes minimal damage to the skin’s surface. They are commonly deemed superficial. The signs this level of injury are redness, mild swelling, minor pain and peeling as the wound heals. Only the top layer is affected so the healing process tends to be reasonably quick. Typically, homecare in the form of acetaminophen, aloe and antibiotic ointment is all that’s needed to treat these injuries.

Second-Degree Burns

The second-degree burn causes injury beyond the first layer of skin. There are usually blisters accompanied by swelling and extended soreness. Because these types of wounds are delicate, bandages are used to prevent infection and protect the sensitive area. Most second-degree burns can be treated with homecare just like their first-degree counterparts. However, some are serious enough to warrant medical attention or even skin grafting.

Third-Degree Burns

Third-degree burns are the worst type because they cause the most extensive damage. All layers of skin are affected and even the underlying tissue may experience harm. Visually, the wound may look highly swollen, charred and/or severely blistered. Medical professionals should handle these kinds of injuries immediately.

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